Tuesday, July 29, 2008

In search of an optimal Cognitive process

If Jung had a son, could he explain this to him. If he did then, it is all worth it is my take.

The Eight Cognitive Processes

Adapted from Linda V. Berens and Dario Nardi, Understanding Yourself and Others®: An Introduction to the Personality Type Code (Telos Publications, 2004) *Used with permission.


Jung classified the functions into two major groupings. He noted that
there are two major kinds of mental processes. One is perception, a
process of becoming aware of something. In the perceptive process,
there is some sort of stimulation and we become aware of or attend to
that stimulation. It is how we gather or access information. Jung
called this an irrational process since the awareness simply comes to
us. Jung identified two kinds of perception: Sensation and Intuition.
Sensing is a process of becoming aware of tangible information.
INtuiting* is a process of becoming aware of conceptual information.
Sensing and iNtuiting can both be done in either the outer, extraverted
world or in the inner, introverted world.


The other kind of mental process identified by Jung is that of
judgment, a process of organizing, evaluating, and coming to
conclusions. Using the judging process, some sort of evaluation is
made. Jung identified two kinds of judgment: Thinking and Feeling, both
of which can be used in either the outer, extraverted world or in the
inner, introverted world. Simply put, Thinking judgments are based on
objective criteria or principles, and Feeling judgments are based on
personal, interpersonal, or universal values.

Se - extraverted Sensing

the immediate context; noticing changes and opportunities for action;
being drawn to act on the physical world; accumulating experiences;
scanning for visible reactions and relevant data; recognizing “what

Si - introverted Sensing

past experiences; “what is” evoking “what was”; seeking detailed
information and links to what is known; recalling stored impressions;
accumulating data; recognizing the way things have always been.

Ne - extraverted iNtuiting

situations and relationships; picking up meanings and interconnections;
being drawn to change “what is” for “what could possibly be”; noticing
what is not said and threads of meaning emerging across multiple

Ni - introverted iNtuiting

implications and likely effects without external data; realizing “what
will be”; conceptualizing new ways of seeing things; envisioning
transformations; getting an image of profound meaning or far-reaching

Te - extraverted Thinking

organizing for efficiency; systematizing; applying logic; structuring;
checking for consequences; monitoring for standards or specifications
being met; setting boundaries, guidelines, and parameters; deciding if
something is working or not.

Ti - introverted Thinking

categorizing; evaluating according to principles and whether something
fits the framework or model; figuring out the principles on which
something works; checking for inconsistencies; clarifying definitions
to get more precision.

Fe - extraverted Feeling

considering others and the group—organizing to meet their needs and
honor their values and feelings; maintaining societal, organizational,
or group values; adjusting and accommodating others; deciding if
something is appropriate or acceptable to others.

Fi - introverted Feeling

considering importance and worth; reviewing for incongruity; evaluating
something based on the truths on which it is based; clarifying values
to achieve accord; deciding if something is of significance and worth
standing up for.

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